Stochastic Geometry-based Analysis of LEO Satellite Communication Systems

Student thesis: Master's Thesis


Wireless coverage becomes one of the most significant needs of modern society because of its importance in various applications such as health, distance education, industry, and much more. Therefore, it is essential to provide wireless coverage worldwide, including remote areas, rural areas, and poorly served locations. Recent advances in Low Earth Orbit (LEO) satellite communications provide a promising solution to address these issues in poorly served locations. The thesis studies the performance of a multi-level LEO satellite communication system. More precisely, we model the LEO satellites’ location as Binomial Point Process (BPP) on a spherical surface at n different altitudes given that the number of satellites at each altitude ak is Nk where 1 ≤ k ≤ n and study the distance distribution. The distance distribution is characterized in two categories depending on the location of the observation point: contact distance and the nearest neighbor distance. For that proposed model, we study the user coverage probability by using tools from stochastic geometry for a scenario where satellite earth stations (ESs) with two antennas are deployed on the ground where one of the antennas communicates with the user while the other communicates with LEO satellite. Additionally, we consider a practical use case where satellite communication systems are deployed to increase coverage in remote and rural areas. For that purpose, we compare the coverage probability of the satellite-based communication system in such regions with the coverage probability in case of relying on the nearest anchored base station (ABS), which is usually located at far distances from rural and remote areas.
Date of AwardJul 21 2020
Original languageEnglish (US)
Awarding Institution
  • Computer, Electrical and Mathematical Sciences and Engineering
SupervisorMohamed-Slim Alouini (Supervisor)


  • Stochastic geometry
  • binomial point process
  • distance distribution
  • coverage probability
  • LEO satellites

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