Inkjet Printing of a Two-Dimensional Conductor for Cutaneous Biosignal Monitoring

  • Abdulelah Saleh

Student thesis: Master's Thesis


Wearables for health monitoring are rapidly advancing as evidenced by the number of wearable products on the market. More recently, the US Food and Drug Administration approved the Apple Watch for heart monitoring, indicating that wearables are going to be a part of our lives sooner than expected. However, wearables are still based on rigid, conventional electronic materials and fabrication procedures. The use of flexible conducting materials fabricated on flexible substrates allows for more comprehensive health monitoring because of the seamless integration and conformability of such devices with the human skin. Many materials can be used to fabricate flexible electronics such as thin metals, liquid metals, conducting polymers, and 1D and 2D materials. Ti3C2 MXene is a promising 2D material that shows flexibility as well as desirable electronic properties. Ti3C2 MXene is easily processable in aqueous solutions and can be an excellent functional ink for inkjet printing. Here we report the fabrication and the properties of Ti3C2 MXene films inkjet-printed from aqueous dispersions with a nonionic surfactant. The films are uniform and formed with only a few layers on glass and tattoo paper. The MXene films printed on tattoo are used to record ECG signals with comparable signal-to-noise ratio to commercial Ag/AgCl electrodes despite the absence of gels to lower skin-contact impedance. Due to their high charge storage capacity and mixed (ionic and electronic) conductivity, inkjet-printed MXene films open up a new avenue for applications beyond health monitoring.
Date of AwardMay 2019
Original languageEnglish (US)
Awarding Institution
  • Biological, Environmental Sciences and Engineering
SupervisorSahika Inal (Supervisor)


  • Inkjet printing
  • Flexible electronics
  • MXene
  • ECG
  • Skin electronics
  • 2D material

Cite this