Design framework to improve the photo and thermal stability of organic solar cells

  • Sri Harish Kumar Paleti

Student thesis: Doctoral Thesis

Abstract

The state-of-the-art organic solar cells (OSC) use bulk heterojunction (BHJ) blend architecture in the photo-active layer. The BHJ is formed by finely mixing polymer donor and small molecule acceptor, which was predominantly fullerene derivatives until the last five years. However, the emergence of non-fullerene acceptor (NFA) materials has been the viable alternative to overcome high synthetic costs, limited optical absorption, and poor bandgap tunability of fullerene-based acceptors. These unique properties of NFA has resulted in a rapid improvement of OSC efficiency and opened doors for wide variety of applications including building integrated photovoltaics, green houses and agrivoltaics. Despite these advantages, the shorter device lifetime under light and heat is a major concern for their commercialization. This dissertation is focused on improving poor photo- and thermal stability of high efficiency OSC based on the widely used NFA, ITIC and Y-series derivatives. The light-induced changes in the acceptor molecular structure and the active layer nanostructure results in the photo-induced traps in photo-aged devices. The selective addition of third component to the active layer impedes the changes in the active layer nanostructure and suppress trap formation. Under constant thermal stress, the growth of acceptor crystals results increases the trap-assisted recombination in thermally aged devices. Similar to photo-stability the selective addition of third or more component/s arrests the crystal growth by minimizing the Gibbs free energy. The results suggest that the fabricated hexanary and ternary OSC display a superior thermal stability than the respective binary devices. In addition, the hexanary devices displayed thickness independent thermal stability, which is essential for the active layer thermal stability printed via high throughput techniques.
Date of AwardJun 21 2022
Original languageEnglish (US)
Awarding Institution
  • Physical Science and Engineering
SupervisorDerya Baran (Supervisor)

Keywords

  • Non fullerene acceptors
  • Organic Solar Cells
  • Photo stability
  • Thermal stability

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