Arrays of vertical parallel wires (‘wetted wires’) are a promising alternative to industrial columns such as spray, tray, or packed columns. Yet, further research is required to optimize their performance and competitiveness against packed columns. This work investigates the maximum wire density using the minimum pitch (center-to-center wire distance). Results show that the pitch can be smaller than two millimeters, which is significantly less than the minimum pitches recommended in the literature. Results are discussed for liquid flow rates, wire diameters, and counter-current gas velocities. The minimum pitch is often less than the diameter of the drops due to a bead-passing phenomenon. An analytical model illustrates the pressure drop characteristics of wetted-wire columns compared to existing packings. This model shows that wetted-wire columns including those with small pitches have very low pressure drops. However, this model also shows that packing factors do not adequately describe wetted-wire columns. This implies that gas-side fluid dynamics of wetted-wire columns are fundamentally different from the gas-side fluid dynamics of packed columns.
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- Heat Exchanger
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- General Chemistry
- General Chemical Engineering
- Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering