In this work, we demonstrate a wettability-driven assembly (WDA) process of active particulate materials for microsupercapacitor (MSC) fabrication. Our process uses three-dimensional laser-scribed graphene (LSG), derived from polyimide, as a current collector. We exploit the drastic wettability difference between LSG and unconverted polyimide toward water to assemble various electrodes on the LSG collectors. The WDA process is demonstrated using porous carbon and RuO2 nanoparticles, which are spontaneously and selectively assembled onto the LSG finger electrodes. The MSCs assembled using the WDA process with porous carbon as active material deliver a much higher areal capacitance (41.2 mF cm–2) compared to MSCs using LSG-only electrodes (1.2 mF cm–2). Thus, they deliver a high areal energy density of 5.71 μWh cm–2 with an areal power density of 4.0 mW cm–2. The capacitance and energy density of these porous carbon MSCs outperform most recently reported carbon-based MSCs. In comparison, the MSCs assembled using the WDA process with RuO2 nanoparticles as active material deliver an areal capacitance of 70.3 mF cm–2 and an areal energy density of 9.71 μWh cm–2. All in all, the WDA process is green, simple, and well suited for the fabrication of MSCs using many types of active materials.
Bibliographical noteKAUST Repository Item: Exported on 2020-10-01
Acknowledgements: The research reported in this publication was supported by King Abdullah University of Science and Technology (KAUST). The authors acknowledge the Advanced Nanofabrication, Imaging and Characterization and Analytical Chemistry Core Laboratories at KAUST for the support.