Water sorption of acid-doped polyaniline solid fibers: Equilibrium and kinetic response

Mayur M. Ostwal, John Pellegrino*, Ian Norris, Theodore T. Tsotsis, Muhammad Sahimi, Benjamin R. Mattes

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

19 Scopus citations


Measurements are reported for the sorption equilibrium and transport of water into commercially produced polyaniline solid fibers from a 50% relative humidity air stream at ambient pressure of ∼0.1 MPa and 300 K. The data have been collected using a single solid fiber morphology, PANION, but with different acid dopants used to change the polyaniline from its emeraldine base (insulating), PANI-EB, to the emeraldine salt form (conducting), PANI-ES. The sorption process was well described by unsteady Fickian diffusion into an infinite cylinder. The rates and equilibrium capacities depended on the acid dopant utilized, but did not vary monotonically with the anion size or the acid strength. The measured adsorption/desorption water capacities varied between 20 and 75 (mg of H 2O)/(g of dry polymer), depending on the anion dopant. The BF 4 - and H 2PO 4 - doped fibers had the highest capacities. When the mass loading was recalculated on a (H 2O molecule/polymer repeat unit) basis, most doped fibers had a capacity of ∼0.5 H 2O per PANI-ES repeat unit. The exceptions were the BF 4 - and H 2PO 4 - doped fibers, for which the value was ∼1. The apparent diffusion coefficients varied between 0.05 and 0.6 × 10 -12 m 2/s and were usually larger during adsorption than desorption. The water capacity of the polyaniline solid fibers is at the upper end of what is usually observed for glassy polymers and provides the possibility for exploiting electronic conductivity, good mechanical strength properties, and desiccant qualities for advanced humidity control and sensing applications.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)7860-7867
Number of pages8
JournalIndustrial and Engineering Chemistry Research
Issue number20
StatePublished - Sep 28 2005
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Chemical Engineering(all)
  • Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering


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