Vegetation assessments under the influence of environmental variables from the Yakhtangay Hill of the Hindu-Himalayan range, North Western Pakistan

Hameed Ullah, Shujaul Mulk Khan, Mariusz Jaremko, Sadia Jahangir, Zahid Ullah, Iftikhar Ali, Zeeshan Ahmad, Hussain Badshah

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

11 Scopus citations


Vegetation structures and dynamics are the result of interactions between abiotic and biotic factors in an ecosystem. The present study was designed to investigate vegetation structure and species diversity along various environmental variables in the Yakhtangay Hills of the Hindu-Himalayan Mountain Pakistan, by using multivariate statistical analysis. Quadrat quantitative method was used for the sampling of vegetation. PC-ORD version 5 software was used to classify the vegetation into different plants communities using cluster analysis. The results of regression analysis among various edaphic variables shows that soil organic matter, total dissolved solids, electrical conductivity, CaCO3 and moisture contents shows a significant positive correlation with species abundance, while the soil pH has inverse relationship with plant species abundance. Similarly, species richness increases with increase in soil organic matter, CaCO3 and moisture contents, while decrease with increase in soil pH, total dissolved solids and electrical conductivity (p < 0.05). The vegetation was classified into four major plant communities and their respective indicators were identified using indicator species analysis. Indicator species analysis reflects the indicators of the study area are mostly the indicators to the Himalayan or moist temperate ecosystem. These indicators could be considered for micro-habitat conservation and respective ecosystem management plans not only in the study area but also in other region with similar sort of environmental conditions.
Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalScientific Reports
Issue number1
StatePublished - Dec 5 2022

Bibliographical note

KAUST Repository Item: Exported on 2022-12-06
Acknowledgements: We would like to thank King Abdullah University of Science and Technology (KAUST) for financial support in the process of publications. URF QAU is acknowledged for support in the experimental part. National Center for Physics (NCP), QAU and especially, Umar Nawaz is acknowledged for helping in some of the soil analyses.

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General


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