Van der Waals epitaxy of MoS 2 layers using graphene as growth templates

Yumeng Shi, Wu Zhou, Ang-Yu Lu, Wenjing Fang, Yi Hsien Lee, Allen Long Hsu, Soo Min Kim, Ki Kang Kim, Hui Ying Yang, Lain Jong Li, Juan Carlos Idrobo, Jing Kong*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

885 Scopus citations


We present a method for synthesizing MoS 2/Graphene hybrid heterostructures with a growth template of graphene-covered Cu foil. Compared to other recent reports,(1, 2) a much lower growth temperature of 400 °C is required for this procedure. The chemical vapor deposition of MoS 2 on the graphene surface gives rise to single crystalline hexagonal flakes with a typical lateral size ranging from several hundred nanometers to several micrometers. The precursor (ammonium thiomolybdate) together with solvent was transported to graphene surface by a carrier gas at room temperature, which was then followed by post annealing. At an elevated temperature, the precursor self-assembles to form MoS 2 flakes epitaxially on the graphene surface via thermal decomposition. With higher amount of precursor delivered onto the graphene surface, a continuous MoS 2 film on graphene can be obtained. This simple chemical vapor deposition method provides a unique approach for the synthesis of graphene heterostructures and surface functionalization of graphene. The synthesized two-dimensional MoS 2/Graphene hybrids possess great potential toward the development of new optical and electronic devices as well as a wide variety of newly synthesizable compounds for catalysts.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2784-2791
Number of pages8
JournalNano Letters
Issue number6
StatePublished - Jun 13 2012
Externally publishedYes


  • Chemical vapor deposition
  • STEM imaging
  • graphene
  • molybdenum disulfide
  • van der Waals epitaxy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Bioengineering
  • General Chemistry
  • General Materials Science
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Mechanical Engineering


Dive into the research topics of 'Van der Waals epitaxy of MoS 2 layers using graphene as growth templates'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this