Urotropine as a ligand for the efficient synthesis of metal-organic frameworks

S. A. Sapchenko, M. O. Barsukova, T. V. Nokhrina, K. A. Kovalenko, D. G. Samsonenko, D. N. Dybtsev, V. P. Fedin*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

7 Scopus citations


Urotropine is a cheap and promising ligand for the synthesis of metal-organic frameworks containing uncoordinated nitrogen atoms. The reactions between urotropine, dicarboxylic acids, and zinc(II) or cobalt(II) salts were studied. The optimization of the reaction conditions allows the synthesis of three urotropine-containing metal-organic frameworks, [Zn(ur)(abdc)]• •DMF•H2O (1, ur is urotropine, abdc2− is 4,4´-diazobiphenyldicarboxylate, DMF is N,N-dimethylformamide), (CH3ur)[NaCo(dmf)2(bptc)] (2, CH3ur+ is N-methylhexa methyl enetetrammonium, bptc4− is 2,2´,4,4´-biphenyltetracarboxylate), and [Co4(dmf)(ur)2(ndc)4]•5DMF (3, ndc2− is 2,6-naphthalenedicarboxylate). These compounds were structurally characterized and their thermal and adsorption properties were studied. In the three compounds, urotropine performs diff erent functions, acting as a monodentate ligand (compound 1), a bidentate ligand (compound 3), or a methylammonium counterion (compound 2).

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)461-469
Number of pages9
JournalRussian Chemical Bulletin
Issue number3
StatePublished - Mar 1 2020

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This work was financially supported by the Russian Science Foundation (Project No. 18-13-00203).

Publisher Copyright:
© 2020, Springer Science+Business Media LLC.


  • cobalt
  • metal-organic frameworks
  • urotropine
  • zinc

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Chemistry


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