Unconventional spin pumping and magnetic damping in an insulating compensated ferrimagnet

Yan Li, Dongxing Zheng, Bin Fang, Chenhui Zhang, Aitian Chen, Yinchang Ma, Ka Shen, Haoliang Liu, Aurelien Manchon, Xixiang Zhang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

15 Scopus citations


Recently, the interest in spin pumping has escalated from ferromagnets into antiferromagnetic systems, potentially enabling fundamental physics and magnonic applications. Compensated ferrimagnets are considered alternative platforms for bridging ferro- and antiferromagnets, but their spin pumping and the associated magnetic damping have been largely overlooked so far despite their seminal importance for magnonics. Herein, we report an unconventional spin pumping together with magnetic damping in an insulating compensated ferrimagnet Gd3Fe5O12. Remarkably, we unambiguously identified the divergence of the nonlocal effective magnetic damping induced by spin pumping close to the compensation temperature in Gd3Fe5O12/Cu/Pt heterostructures. Furthermore, the coherent and incoherent spin currents, generated by spin pumping and spin Seebeck effect respectively, undergo a distinct direction change with the variation of temperature. The physical mechanisms underlying these observations are self-consistently clarified by the ferrimagnetic counterpart of spin pumping and the handedness-related spin-wave spectra. Our findings broaden the conventional paradigm of the ferromagnetic spin pumping model and open new opportunities for exploring the ferrimagnetic magnonic devices.
Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2200019
JournalAdvanced Materials
Issue number24
StatePublished - Apr 1 2022

Bibliographical note

KAUST Repository Item: Exported on 2022-10-31
Acknowledged KAUST grant number(s): OSR-2018-3717-CRG7, OSR-2019-CRG8-4081
Acknowledgements: The study reported was funded by King Abdullah University of Science and Technology, Office of Sponsored Research (OSR) under Award Nos. OSR 2018-3717-CRG7 and OSR-2019-CRG8-4081. The study was also supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (No. 11974047) and the Fundamental Research Funds for the Central Universities.

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Mechanics of Materials
  • General Materials Science
  • Mechanical Engineering


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