Ultraviolet-to-blue color-converting scintillating-fibers photoreceiver for 375-nm laser-based underwater wireless optical communication

Chun Hong Kang, Abderrahmen Trichili, Omar Alkhazragi, Huafan Zhang, Ram Chandra Subedi, Yujian Guo, Somak Mitra, Chao Shen, Iman S. Roqan, Tien Khee Ng, Mohamed-Slim Alouini, Boon S. Ooi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

54 Scopus citations


Underwater wireless optical communication (UWOC) can offer reliable and secure connectivity for enabling future internet-of-underwater-things (IoUT), owing to its unlicensed spectrum and high transmission speed. However, a critical bottleneck lies in the strict requirement of pointing, acquisition, and tracking (PAT), for effective recovery of modulated optical signals at the receiver end. A large-area, high bandwidth, and wide-angle-of-view photoreceiver is therefore crucial for establishing a high-speed yet reliable communication link under non-directional pointing in a turbulent underwater environment. In this work, we demonstrated a large-area, of up to a few tens of cm2, photoreceiver design based on ultraviolet(UV)-to-blue color-converting plastic scintillating fibers, and yet offering high 3-dB bandwidth of up to 86.13 MHz. Tapping on the large modulation bandwidth, we demonstrated a high data rate of 250 Mbps at bit-error ratio (BER) of 2.2 × 10−3 using non-return-to-zero on-off keying (NRZ-OOK) pseudorandom binary sequence (PRBS) 210-1 data stream, a 375-nm laser-based communication link over the 1.15-m water channel. This proof-of-concept demonstration opens the pathway for revolutionizing the photodetection scheme in UWOC, and for non-line-of-sight (NLOS) free-space optical communication.
Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)30450
JournalOptics Express
Issue number21
StatePublished - Oct 8 2019

Bibliographical note

KAUST Repository Item: Exported on 2020-10-01
Acknowledged KAUST grant number(s): BAS/1/1614-01-01, GEN/1/6607-01-01, KCR/1/2081-01-01, REP/1/2878-01-01
Acknowledgements: King Abdullah University of Science and Technology (BAS/1/1614-01-01, GEN/1/6607-01-01,KCR/1/2081-01-01); KAUST-KFUPM Special Initiative (REP/1/2878-01-01); King Abdulaziz City for Science and Technology (KACST TIC R2-FP-008).


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