Ultrahigh-rectification near-field radiative thermal diode using infrared-transparent film backsided phase-transition metasurface

Yang Liu, Yanpei Tian, Fangqi Chen, Andrew Caratenuto, Xiaojie Liu, Mauro Antezza, Yi Zheng

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

17 Scopus citations


We present a theoretical study of near-field radiative thermal rectification combining phase-transition and high-infrared-transmittance materials. The phase-transition material vanadium dioxide (VO2), with a metal-insulator transition near 341 K, is utilized under a reasonable temperature. Four types of high-infrared-transmittance materials, including potassium bromide, sodium chloride, polyethylene, and magnesium fluoride, are introduced as thin film substrates under a VO2 grating on one side of the near-field rectifier. We explore the effects of various high-infrared-transmittance thin-film substrates and relevant geometric parameters on the thermal rectification of the device. The results show that thermal rectification can be greatly enhanced by using a one-dimensional VO2 grating backed with a high-infrared-transmittance thin-film substrate. With the introduction of a high-infrared-transmittance substrate, the rectification ratio is dramatically boosted due to the enhancement of the substrate transmittance. This work predicts a remarkable rectification ratio as high as 161—greater than the recently reported peak values for comparable near-field radiative thermal rectification. The results outlined herein will shed light on the rapidly expanding fields of nanoscale thermal harvesting, conversion, and management.
Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalApplied Physics Letters
Issue number12
StatePublished - Sep 20 2021
Externally publishedYes

Bibliographical note

Generated from Scopus record by KAUST IRTS on 2023-09-23

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physics and Astronomy (miscellaneous)


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