Recently, molybdenum sulfide with its amorphous counterpart was found to hold a high activity versus the hydrogen evolution reaction (HER), making it a high potential material to explore new HER catalysts. Here we present a facile chemical method to synthesize ultra-small freestanding amorphous molybdenum sulfide (a-MoSx) colloidal nanodots with diameter of lower than 2 nm. Electrocatalytic HER tests show that freestanding a-MoSx colloidal nanodots exhibit an enhanced catalytic hydrogen activity in stark in contrast with in-situ annealed c-MoS2. When applied as a co-catalyst in photocatalytic HER, ultra-small a-MoSx nanodots could form a compact interface with the TiO2 when assisted by a bifunctional molecular linker, as the mercaptopropionic acid (MPA), which facilitates the decrease of the interfacial Schottky barrier occurring between the two components and allows for a fast injection of photo-excited electrons from the photoharvester into the co-catalyst. Our results demonstrate that the drastic enhancement of the photocatalytic H2 promotion rate of a-MoSx@MPA-TiO2 is mainly provided by unsaturated Mo(IV) active sites generated by the in-situ reduction during the photocatalytic HER process. The synergistic effect of generated unsaturated Mo(IV) sites and the presence of more exposed intrinsic active edges further promotes the enhancement of the catalytic H2 activity on a-MoSx nanodots.
Bibliographical noteGenerated from Scopus record by KAUST IRTS on 2022-09-15
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Environmental Science(all)
- Process Chemistry and Technology