Broadband light trapping and field localization is highly desired in enhanced light-matter interaction, especially in harmonic generations. However, due to the limited resonant bandwidth, most periodic plasmonic nanostructures cannot cover both fundamental excitation wavelength and harmonic generation wavelength simultaneously. Therefore, most previously reported plasmonic nonlinear optical processes are low in conversion efficiency. Here, we report a strong enhancement of second harmonic generation based on a three-layered super absorbing metasurface structure consisting of a dielectric spacer layer sandwiched by an array of random metallic nanoantennas and a metal ground plate. Intriguingly, the strong light trapping band (e.g. >80%) was realized throughout the entire visible to near-infrared spectral regime (i.e., from 435 nm to 1100 nm), enabling plasmonically enhanced surface harmonic generation and frequency mixing across a broad range of excitation wavelengths, which cannot be achieved with narrow band periodic plasmonic structures. By introducing hybrid random antenna arrays with small metallic nanoparticles and ultra-thin nonlinear optical films (e.g. TiO2) into the nanogaps, the nonlinear optical process can be further enhanced. This broadband light-trapping metastructure shows its potential as a building block for emerging nonlinear optical meta-atoms.
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