Turbulent Hydrogen Flames: Physics and Modeling Implications

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter


Hydrogen exhibits special burning characteristics such as fast laminar and, thereby, turbulent flame speed, and a wide flammability limit. Because of these features, the existing numerical models that have been developed for e.g., natural gas or fuels with unity Lewis number assumption could be limited or even unusable. This chapter discusses the models for turbulent flame speed and local displacement speed of pure lean hydrogen premixed flames, particularly for a wide range of turbulence levels. Moreover, the predictive capability of the probability density function (PDF) modeling adopting the widely used laminar flamelet concept for Reynolds averaged Navier–Stokes (RANS) or large-eddy simulation (LES) approaches is assessed a priori using a set of state-of-the-art direct numerical simulation (DNS) data. The general conclusion suggests that the main turbulent parameter dictating the turbulent flame speed is found to be the size of the most energy-containing eddies rather than non-dimensional numbers such as Reynolds (Re) or Karlovitz (Ka) numbers. The local displacement speed models also suggest that a model developed for moderate turbulence level (Ka ≈O(10)) predicts well flames with Ka >O(1,000). PDF modeling using the flamelet concept is evaluated up to Ka >O(100), for which the mass fractions of major species are reasonably well predicted.
Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationHydrogen for Future Thermal Engines
PublisherSpringer International Publishing
Number of pages30
ISBN (Print)9783031284113
StatePublished - Jul 15 2023

Bibliographical note

KAUST Repository Item: Exported on 2023-08-07
Acknowledgements: The authors acknowledge the support of King Abdullah University of Science and Technology (KAUST) and the KAUST Supercomputing Laboratory.

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology
  • Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering
  • Management, Monitoring, Policy and Law


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