Tunable room-temperature ferromagnet using an iron-oxide and graphene oxide nanocomposite

Aigu L. Lin, J. N B Rodrigues, Chenliang Su, M. Milletari, Kian Ping Loh, Tao Wu, Wei Chen, A. H Castro Neto, Shaffique Adam, Andrew T. S. Wee

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

13 Scopus citations


Magnetic materials have found wide application ranging from electronics and memories to medicine. Essential to these advances is the control of the magnetic order. To date, most room-temperature applications have a fixed magnetic moment whose orientation is manipulated for functionality. Here we demonstrate an iron-oxide and graphene oxide nanocomposite based device that acts as a tunable ferromagnet at room temperature. Not only can we tune its transition temperature in a wide range of temperatures around room temperature, but the magnetization can also be tuned from zero to 0.011 A m2/kg through an initialization process with two readily accessible knobs (magnetic field and electric current), after which the system retains its magnetic properties semi-permanently until the next initialization process. We construct a theoretical model to illustrate that this tunability originates from an indirect exchange interaction mediated by spin-imbalanced electrons inside the nanocomposite. © 2015 Scientific Reports.
Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalScientific Reports
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jun 23 2015

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KAUST Repository Item: Exported on 2020-10-01

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General


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