Transcriptomics approach to investigate zebrafish heart regeneration

Eduard Sleep, Stéphanie Boué, Chris Jopling, Marina Raya, Ángel Raya, Juan Carlos Izpisua Belmonte

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

48 Scopus citations


In mammals, after a myocardial infarction episode, the damaged myocardium is replaced by scar tissue with negligible cardiomyocyte proliferation. Zebrafish, in contrast, display an extensive regenerative capacity, as they are able to restore completely lost cardiac tissue after partial ventricular amputation. Although questions about the early signals that drive the regenerative response and the relative role of each cardiac cell type in this process still need to be answered, the zebrafish is emerging as a very valuable tool to understand heart regeneration and to devise strategies that may be of potential value to treat human cardiac disease. Here, we performed a genome-wide transcriptome profile analysis focusing on the early time points of zebrafish heart regeneration and compared our results with those of previously published data. Our analyses confirmed the differential expression of several transcripts and identified additional genes whose expression is differentially regulated during zebrafish heart regeneration. We validated the microarray data by conventional and/or quantitative reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR). For a subset of these genes, their expression pattern was analyzed by in-situ hybridization and shown to be upregulated in the regenerating area of the heart. Our results offer new insights into the biology of heart regeneration in the zebrafish and, together with future experiments in mammals, may be of potential interest for clinical applications.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)369-380
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of Cardiovascular Medicine
Issue number5
StatePublished - May 2010
Externally publishedYes


  • Cardiomyocyte proliferation
  • Dedifferentiation
  • Heart regeneration
  • Reprogramming
  • Transcriptome

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine


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