Toward the growth of self-catalyzed zno nanowires perpendicular to the surface of silicon and glass substrates, by pulsed laser deposition

Basma Elzein, Yingbang Yao, Ahmad S. Barham, Elhadj Dogheche, Ghassan E. Jabbour

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

13 Scopus citations

Abstract

Vertically-oriented zinc oxide (ZnO) nanowires were synthesized on glass and silicon substrates by Pulsed Laser Deposition and without the use of a catalyst. An intermediate c-axis oriented nanotextured ZnO seed layer in the form of nanowall network with honey comb structure allows the growth of high quality, self-forming, and vertically-oriented nanowires at relatively low temperature (5 Torr). Many parameters were shown to affect the growth of the ZnO nanowires such as gas pressure, substrate–target distance, and laser energy. Growth of a c-axis-crystalline array of nanowires growing vertically from the energetically favorable sites on the seed layer is observed. Nucleation occurs due to the matching lattice structure and the polar nature of the ZnO seed layer. Morphological, structural, and optical properties were investigated. X-ray diffraction (XRD) revealed highly c-axis aligned nanowires along the (002) crystal plane. Room temperature photoluminescence (PL) measurements showed a strong and narrow bandwidth of Ultraviolet (UV) emission, which shifts to lower wavelength with the increase of pressure.
Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1-14
Number of pages14
JournalMaterials
Volume13
Issue number19
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 5 2020
Externally publishedYes

Bibliographical note

KAUST Repository Item: Exported on 2022-06-14
Acknowledgements: The authors would like to thank Anastasia Khrenova (KAUST) for her assistance on the drawings. Special thanks to Didier Decoster, Zahia Bougrioua (IEMN), Brigitte Sieber, Ahmad Addad (UMET), and P Tuami Lasri (IEMN) for fruitful discussion. Our gratitude goes to Bei Zhang, Lan Zhao, Rachid Sougrat, and Xixiang Zhang (KAUST) for all their support during the acquisition of the images.
This publication acknowledges KAUST support, but has no KAUST affiliated authors.

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Science(all)

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