Toward Stable Monolithic Perovskite/Silicon Tandem Photovoltaics: A Six-Month Outdoor Performance Study in a Hot and Humid Climate

Michele de Bastiani, Emmanuel Van Kerschaver, Quentin Jeangros, Atteq ur Rehman, Erkan Aydin, Furkan Halis Isikgor, Alessandro J. Mirabelli, Maxime Babics, Jiang Liu, Shynggys Zhumagali, Esma Ugur, George T. Harrison, Thomas Allen, Bin Chen, Yi Hou, Semen Shikin, E. Sargent, Christophe Ballif, Michael Salvador, Stefaan De Wolf

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

46 Scopus citations

Abstract

Perovskite/silicon tandem solar cells are emerging as a high-efficiency and prospectively cost-effective solar technology with great promise for deployment at the utility scale. However, despite the remarkable performance progress reported lately, assuring sufficient device stability—particularly of the perovskite top cell—remains a challenge on the path to practical impact. In this work, we analyze the outdoor performance of encapsulated bifacial perovskite/silicon tandems, by carrying out field-testing in Saudi Arabia. Over a six month experiment, we find that the open circuit voltage retains its initial value, whereas the fill factor degrades, which is found to have two causes. A first degradation mechanism is linked with ion migration in the perovskite and is largely reversible overnight, though it does induce hysteretic behavior over time. A second, irreversible, mechanism is caused by corrosion of the silver metal top contact with the formation of silver iodide. These findings provide directions for the design of new and more stable perovskite/silicon tandems.
Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2944-2951
Number of pages8
JournalACS Energy Letters
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 30 2021

Bibliographical note

KAUST Repository Item: Exported on 2021-08-06
Acknowledged KAUST grant number(s): KAUST OSR-CRG RF/1/3383, OSR-2018-CPF-3669.02, OSR-CARF URF/1/3079-33-01, OSR-CRG2018-3737
Acknowledgements: This work supported by the King Abdullah University of Science and Technology (KAUST) Office of Sponsored Research (OSR) under Award No. OSR-2018-CPF-3669.02, KAUST OSR-CARF URF/1/3079-33-01, KAUST OSR-CRG RF/1/3383, KAUST OSR-CRG2018-3737, and IED OSR2019-4208. This work was supported in part by the US Department of the Navy, Office of Naval Research (Grant Award No. N00014-20-1-2572). Financial support from the Swiss Federal Office of Energy (SI/501804-01 INTENT), the Swiss National Science Foundation (176552 Bridge Power, CRSII5_171000 Sinergia Episode), is acknowledged.

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