Time-lapse parsimonious refraction interferometry: A field experiment

Sherif M. Hanafy, Jing Li, Gerard T. Schuster

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

2 Scopus citations


A time-lapse field experiment is conducted to test the effectiveness of parsimonious refraction interferometry for rapidly producing snapshots of subsurface fluid migration in the subsurface. In the field experiment we recorded 90 sparse data sets over a 4.5-hour period of injecting 12-tons of water into the subsurface. The recorded data are then transformed into 90 dense data sets by parsimonious refraction interferometry (PRI). Refraction traveltimes are picked and inverted to generate 90 snapshots of the subsurface velocity distribution. Results show the percolation of water from the ground surface down to a depth of few meters. Here, the P-velocity varies by up to 8% over a 270-minute interval. These snapshots every 3 minutes of rapid velocity changes can be used to estimate the porosity and permeability distributions in the subsurface.
Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationSEG Technical Program Expanded Abstracts 2018
PublisherSociety of Exploration Geophysicists
Number of pages5
StatePublished - Aug 27 2018

Bibliographical note

KAUST Repository Item: Exported on 2020-10-01
Acknowledgements: We thank the sponsors for supporting the Consortium of Subsurface Imaging and Fluid Modeling (CSIM). We also thank KAUST for the generous support. We also would like to thank the KAUST-IT team for computer time and the support they provided.


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