Thermodynamic properties of aqueous aerosols to high supersaturation: I—measurements of water activity of the system na+−cl−−no−3−so2−4−h2o at ~ 298.15 k

Chak K. Chan, Zheng Liang, Jian Zheng, Simon L. Clegg, Peter Brimblecombe

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

57 Scopus citations

Abstract

Water activity/concentration relationships of aqueous NaCl, NaNO3, Na2SO4 and their mixtures from dilute concentration to high supersaturation have been determined at room temperature in an electrodynamic balance. Using a dynamic measurement technique based on the evaporation of the droplets, a set of water activity measurements of a solution droplet can be obtained in less than an hour. The water activities of the mixtures are compared with theoretical predictions of the Pitzer-Simonson-Clegg (PSC) model, the Zdanovskii-Stokes-Robinson (ZSR) equation, and the Kusik and Meissner (KM) model. Comparisons of the data with model predictions indicate that the PSC, ZSR, and KM approaches agree well among themselves and with the experimental data. All three models give similar maximum (±0.02) and standard (0.01) deviations in mass fraction of the solute (mfs). These deviations are close to the experimental error of ±(0.01–0.02). The agreement of the models and the need for single-component water activities at different temperatures, as input for all models, suggest that a high priority should be given to such experiments in the future. © 1997 American Association for Aerosol Research.
Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)324-344
Number of pages21
JournalAerosol Science and Technology
Volume27
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 1 1997
Externally publishedYes

Bibliographical note

Generated from Scopus record by KAUST IRTS on 2023-07-06

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Environmental Chemistry
  • General Materials Science
  • Pollution

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