Thermodynamic modeling of an ammonia-water absorption chiller

H. T. Chua*, H. K. Toh, K. C. Ng

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

55 Scopus citations


This article develops a general thermodynamic framework for the modeling of an irreversible absorption chiller at the design point, with application to a single-stage ammonia-water absorption chiller. Component models of the chiller have been assembled so as to quantify the internal entropy production and thermal conductance (UA) in a thermodynamically rigorous formalism, which is in agreement with the simultaneous heat-and-mass transfer processes occurring within the exchangers. Local thermodynamic balance (viz. energy, entropy, and mass balance) and consistency within the components is respected, in addition to the overall thermodynamic balance as determined by the inlet and outlet states of the components. For the absorbers, Colburn-and-Drew mass transfer equations are incorporated to describe the absorption process. Furthermore, the impact of various irreversibilities on the performance of chiller is also evaluated through the use of a general macroscopic equation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)896-906
Number of pages11
JournalInternational Journal of Refrigeration
Issue number7
StatePublished - Nov 2002
Externally publishedYes


  • Absorption system
  • Ammonia/water
  • Chiller
  • Modelling
  • Operating
  • Thermodynamics

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Building and Construction
  • Mechanical Engineering


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