A novel mixed matrix membrane (MMM) consisting of a cross-linkable 6FDA polyimide matrix and ammonia functionalized graphene oxide (NHGO) particles has been molecularly designed at elevated temperatures for water/IPA separation. The reaction scheme was proposed and evidenced by FTIR and XPS analyses. The evolution of microstructure changes in each step of MMM formation was systematically studied by FESEM, XRD and PALS. The water-IPA solution-diffusion characteristics of the thermally treated MMMs at 400 °C were investigated in order to evaluate their impact towards IPA/water dehydration. The MMM containing 0.5% NHGO (PI-0.5%NHGO-400) exhibited the most favorable solution-diffusion properties for water-IPA separation and displayed the best pervaporation performance. This membrane showed a water permeability of 0.198 mg m−1h−1KPa−1and a water/IPA molar selectivity of 6726 which was 35 times higher than that of the pristine co-polyimide without sacrificing the water permeability. The superior properties result from the combined contributions of (1) simultaneous amidation reactions between the polymer matrix and particles to overcome the interfacial voids in MMMs (2) thermal induced inter-chin crosslinking to enhance the MMMs solvent resistance and (3) evolution of the non-reacted functional groups of two parties during the high temperature annealing to regulate the MMMs FFV and produce a balanced membrane structure. This encouraging performance suggests a promising future of PI-0.5%NHGO-400 composite membranes for the dehydration of IPA via pervaporation process.
- Ammonia functionalized GO
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- General Materials Science
- Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
- Filtration and Separation