Thermally activated and field-tuned tunneling inAc studied by ac magnetic susceptibility

F. Luis, J. Bartolomé, J. Fernández, J. Tejada, J. Hernández, X. Zhang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

167 Scopus citations


The magnetic ac susceptibility χ of oriented (Formula presented)Ac crystallites has been measured as a function of temperature, field, and frequency. The field has been applied at different values of the angle θ with respect to the sample easy axis. For T=5tK, the isothermal and adiabatic χ limits have been determined as a function of field. For θ=0° and intermediate frequencies, Lorentzian-shaped peaks have been observed at magnetic field values (Formula presented)=(Formula presented) with n=0, 1, and 2 where (Formula presented)=4.1tkOe. As θ increases these maxima shift to higher fields, that satisfy (Formula presented)cos θ=const, and decrease in amplitude. The relaxation time (Formula presented) follows Arrhenius' law with respect to temperature and decreases sharply at H=(Formula presented). The observed phenomenology unambiguously proves the existence of field-tuned tunneling between excited magnetic states which are thermally populated. At 5 K, the effective activation energy and the spin states involved in the tunneling process have been obtained.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)11448-11456
Number of pages9
JournalPhysical Review B - Condensed Matter and Materials Physics
Issue number17
StatePublished - 1997
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Condensed Matter Physics


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