Theoretical investigations of CO₂ and CH₄ sorption in an interpenetrated diamondoid metal-organic material.

Tony Pham, Katherine A Forrest, Brant Tudor, Sameh K Elsaidi, Mona H Mohamed, Keith McLaughlin, Christian R Cioce, Michael J Zaworotko, Brian Space

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

32 Scopus citations

Abstract

Grand canonical Monte Carlo (GCMC) simulations of CO2 and CH4 sorption and separation were performed in dia-7i-1-Co, a metal-organic material (MOM) consisting of a 7-fold interpenetrated net of Co(2+) ions coordinated to 4-(2-(4-pyridyl)ethenyl)benzoate linkers. This MOM shows high affinity toward CH4 at low loading due to the presence of narrow, close fitting, one-dimensional hydrophobic channels-this makes the MOM relevant for applications in low-pressure methane storage. The calculated CO2 and CH4 sorption isotherms and isosteric heat of adsorption, Qst, values in dia-7i-1-Co are in good agreement with the corresponding experimental results for all state points considered. The experimental initial Qst value for CH4 in dia-7i-1-Co is currently the highest of reported MOM materials, and this was further validated by the simulations performed herein. The simulations predict relatively constant Qst values for CO2 and CH4 sorption across all loadings in dia-7i-1-Co, consistent with the one type of binding site identified for the respective sorbate molecules in this MOM. Examination of the three-dimensional histogram showing the sites of CO2 and CH4 sorption in dia-7i-1-Co confirmed this finding. Inspection of the modeled structure revealed that the sorbate molecules form a strong interaction with the organic linkers within the constricted hydrophobic channels. Ideal adsorbed solution theory (IAST) calculations and GCMC binary mixture simulations predict that the selectivity of CO2 over CH4 in dia-7i-1-Co is quite low, which is a direct consequence of the MOM's high affinity toward both CO2 and CH4 as well as the nonspecific mechanism shown here. This study provides theoretical insights into the effects of pore size on CO2 and CH4 sorption in porous MOMs and its effect upon selectivity, including postulating design strategies to distinguish between sorbates of similar size and hydrophobicity.
Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)6454-6462
Number of pages9
JournalLangmuir
Volume30
Issue number22
DOIs
StatePublished - May 29 2014
Externally publishedYes

Bibliographical note

KAUST Repository Item: Exported on 2020-10-01
Acknowledged KAUST grant number(s): FIC/2010/06
Acknowledgements: This work was supported by the National Science Foundation (Award No. CHE-1152362). Computations were performed under a XSEDE Grant (No. TG-DMR090028) to B.S. This publication is also based on work supported by Award No. FIC/2010/06, made by King Abdullah University of Science and Technology (KAUST). The authors also thank the Space Foundation (Basic and Applied Research) for partial support. The authors acknowledge the use of the services provided by Research Computing at the University of South Florida. M.H.M. acknowledges support from the Schlumberger Foundation and its Faculty for the Future Fellowship program. Lastly, the authors thank Professor David S. Sholl for his assistance on the ideal adsorbed solution theory (LAST) calculations.
This publication acknowledges KAUST support, but has no KAUST affiliated authors.

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