The presence of Superfund sites as a determinant of life expectancy in the United States

Amin Kiaghadi, Hanadi S. Rifai, Clint N. Dawson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

17 Scopus citations

Abstract

AbstractSuperfund sites could affect life expectancy (LE) via increasing the likelihood of exposure to toxic chemicals. Here, we assess to what extent such presence could alter the LE independently and in the context of sociodemographic determinants. A nationwide geocoded statistical modeling at the census tract level was undertaken to estimate the magnitude of impact. Results showed a significant difference in LE among census tracts with at least one Superfund site and their neighboring tracts with no sites. The presence of a Superfund site could cause a decrease of −0.186 ± 0.027 years in LE. This adverse effect could be as high as −1.22 years in tracts with Superfund sites and high sociodemographic disadvantage. Specific characteristics of Superfund sites such as being prone to flooding and the absence of a cleanup strategy could amplify the adverse effect. Furthermore, the presence of Superfund sites amplifies the negative influence of sociodemographic factors at lower LEs.
Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalNature Communications
Volume12
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 13 2021
Externally publishedYes

Bibliographical note

KAUST Repository Item: Exported on 2021-04-19
Acknowledged KAUST grant number(s): OSR-2018-CRG7-3711.2
Acknowledgements: Funding for the research was provided by the Hurricane Resilience Research Institute, an interdisciplinary research institute at the University of Houston focused on resilience to natural disasters, and RAPID grant # 1759440 from the National Science Foundation and King Abdullah University of Science and Technology grant OSR-2018-CRG7-3711.2. Their support is gratefully acknowledged.
This publication acknowledges KAUST support, but has no KAUST affiliated authors.

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology
  • General Chemistry
  • General Physics and Astronomy

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