The physical and gas permeation properties of 6FDA-durene/2,6-diaminotoluene copolyimides

S. L. Liu, R. Wang, Y. Liu, M. L. Chng, T. S. Chung*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

54 Scopus citations


The physical and gas transport properties of homo-polyimides, 6FDA-durene and 6FDA-2, 6-diaminotoluene (2,6-DAT), and their copolyimides, 6FDA-durene/2,6-DAT with different diamine ratios, were characterized. The glass transition temperatures of the copolyimides obtained from DSC experiments were about 6-10°C lower than that calculated from the Fox equation. The experimental results for the gas permeability, diffusivity and solubility of this series of polyimides fitted well with that predicted from the logarithm of property versus volume fraction. The gas permeability of 6FDA-durene/2,6-DAT decreased with increasing 6FDA-2,6-DAT content. However, the selectivity of gases pairs, such as CO2/N2, O2/N2 and H2/N2, increased with the addition of 6FDA-2,6-DAT. The permeability coefficients of H2, He, O2, N2 and CO2 decreased with the kinetic molecular diameters of the gas molecules, with an exception of helium. The diffusion coefficients for the gases of O2, N2 and CO2 were found to decrease with the effective diameters of the penetrant molecules. The solubility coefficients of the gases increased with the condensability of the gas molecules. By decoupling the permselectivity of gas pairs of CO2/N2, O2/N2, it was found that the permselectivity of CO2/N2 was mainly controlled by the solubility selectivity, while in the gas pair of O2/N2, the permselectivity was dominated by the diffusivity selectivity.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number5949
Pages (from-to)8847-8855
Number of pages9
Issue number21
StatePublished - 2001
Externally publishedYes

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
The authors would like to thank BG Asia Pacific Pte. Ltd., Institute of Materials Research and Engineering (IMRE), Environmental Technology Institute (ETI), Economic Development Board of Singapore (EDB) and the National Science and Technology Board of Singapore (NSTB) for funding this project.


  • 6FDA copolyimide
  • Gas transport properties
  • Polyimides

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Organic Chemistry
  • Polymers and Plastics
  • Materials Chemistry


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