Life has evolved in the ocean for 3.7 billion years, resulting in a rich ‘ocean genome’, the ensemble of genetic material present in all marine biodiversity, including both the physical genes and the information they encode. Rapid advances in sequencing technologies and bioinformatics have enabled exploration of the ocean genome and are informing innovative approaches to conservation and a growing number of commercial biotechnology applications. However, the capacity to undertake genomic research and to access and use sequence data is inequitably distributed among countries, highlighting an urgent need to build capacity, promote inclusive innovation and increase access to affordable technologies.
Bibliographical noteKAUST Repository Item: Exported on 2020-10-01
Acknowledgements: The author group was assembled under the auspices of the High-Level Panel for a Sustainable Ocean Economy, and provided with support to produce a paper titled ‘The ocean genome: conservation and the fair equitable and sustainable use of marine genetic resources’, on which this Review heavily draws. We thank J. Lokrantz (Azote) and J. B. Jouffray for their support with conceptualizing and designing figures.