The influence of chemical composition on ignition delay times of gasoline fractions

Nimal Naser, Abdul Gani Abdul Jameel, Abdul-Hamid M. Emwas, Eshan Singh, Suk Ho Chung, Mani Sarathy

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

23 Scopus citations


Tailoring fuel properties to maximize the efficiency of internal combustion engines is a way towards achieving cleaner combustion systems. In this work, the ignition properties along with the chemical composition (expressed as functional groups) of various light distillate (e.g., gasoline) cuts were analyzed to better understand the properties of full boiling range fuels. Various distillation cuts were obtained with a spinning band distillation system, which were then tested in an ignition quality tester (IQT) to obtain their global chemical reactivity (i.e., ignition delay time (IDT)). The distillates were further analyzed with 1H nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectroscopy to identify and quantify various functional groups present in them. Various gasolines of research grade with specific target properties set forth by the Coordinating Research Council (CRC) that are known as FACE (fuels for advanced combustion engines) gasolines were distilled. When fuels with low aromatic content were distilled, the higher boiling point (BP) range (i.e., higher molecular weight) fractions exhibited lower IDT. However, distilled fractions of fuels with high aromatic content showed an initial decrease in IDT with increasing BP, followed by drastic increase in IDT primarily due to increasing aromatic groups. This study provides an understanding of the contribution of various volatile fractions to the IDTs of a multicomponent fuel, which is of relevance to fuel stratification utilized in gasoline compression ignition (GCI) engines to tailor heat release rates.
Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)418-429
Number of pages12
JournalCombustion and Flame
StatePublished - Aug 22 2019

Bibliographical note

KAUST Repository Item: Exported on 2020-10-01
Acknowledgements: This study was funded by Saudi Aramco and the Clean Combustion Research Center at King Abdullah University of Science and Technology (KAUST) under the FUELCOM program. The authors also acknowledge funding from the KAUST Clean Fuels Consortium and its members.


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