The effects of intake pressure, fuel concentration, and bias voltage on the detection of ions in a Homogeneous Charge Compression Ignition (HCCI) engine

Gregory Bogin*, Jyh Yuan Chen, Robert Dibble

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalConference articlepeer-review

49 Scopus citations


Determining when the combustion event occurs in a Homogeneous Charge Compression Ignition (HCCI) engine can prove challenging given that the combustion event is governed by temperature sensitive chemical-kinetics which results in auto-ignition of the fuel/air mixture. Auto-ignition variability can affect emissions and efficiency. Thus, measuring and controlling the combustion event is of the utmost importance. Ion sensors can be used reasonably to detect the combustion event for various fuels used in HCCI engines over a wide range of operating conditions. Experiments have been conducted to measure ion signals produced from the combustion of gasoline, ethanol, and n-heptane in a 4-cylinder HCCI engine with different equivalence ratios and intake pressures. It was found that the ion signal is reduced under several situations: with an increase in intake pressure, reducing equivalence ratio (under lean conditions), and decreasing the bias voltage source. Results from a Well-Mixed-Reactor (WMR) model suggest that gasoline and ethanol produces more ions than n-heptane during combustion under the same operating conditions; these predictions are supported by experiments.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2877-2884
Number of pages8
JournalProceedings of the Combustion Institute
Volume32 II
StatePublished - Jul 3 2009
Event32nd International Symposium on Combustion - Montreal, QC, Canada
Duration: Aug 3 2008Aug 8 2008


  • Ethanol
  • Gasoline
  • HCCI
  • Ion sensors
  • N-heptane

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemical Engineering(all)
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry

Cite this