The criteria in above-bandgap photo-irradiation in molecular beam epitaxy growth of heterostructure of dissimilar growth temperature

Kwangwook Park, Jung-Wook Min, Gyeong Cheol Park, Sergei Lopatin, Boon S. Ooi, Kirstin Alberi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations


Above-bandgap photo-irradiation is known to improve the low temperature growth of II-VI semiconductors, but the trade-offs in the substrate temperature and light source power density are not well known. We investigated these effects on the growth of ZnSe epilayers on GaAs. We find that the above-bandgap photo-irradiation can improve the ZnSe epilayer without substantially negatively impacting the underlying GaAs epilayer only if the laser energy is below a threshold intensity. When the threshold is exceeded, the growth rate drops, the optical properties of ZnSe layer deteriorate and interface intermixing is enhanced. Together, cross-sectional transmission electron microscopy, energy dispersive spectroscopy and photoluminescence results suggest that photo-irradiation at moderate to high laser energies produces a trade-off in interface intermixing and planar defect formation. Most importantly, the damage produced by high laser energies does not start at the interface but instead in the bulk. Further flexibility for selecting the temperature and photo-irradiation intensities could be realized by turning on the laser irradiation after the ZnSe growth has been initiated, limiting the potential intermixing at the interface.
Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)151067
JournalApplied Surface Science
StatePublished - Aug 25 2021

Bibliographical note

KAUST Repository Item: Exported on 2021-09-06
Acknowledgements: The authors acknowledge funding from the U.S. Department of Energy under contract DE-EE0006335, the Engineering Research Center Program of the National Science Foundation and the Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy of the Department of Energy under NSF Cooperative Agreement No. EEC-1041895. This work was authored in part by Alliance for Sustainable Energy, LLC, the Manager and Operator of the National Renewable Energy Laboratory for the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) under Contract No. DE-AC36-08GO28308. Funding provided by the Office of Science, Basic Energy Sciences. The views expressed in the article do not necessarily represent the views of the DOE or the U.S. Government. The U.S. Government retains and the publisher, by accepting the article for publication, acknowledges that the U.S. Government retains a nonexclusive, paid-up, irrevocable, worldwide license to publish or reproduce the published form of this work, or allow others to do so, for U.S. Government purposes. The authors also would like to acknowledge support from National Research Foundation of Korea (NRF) grant funded by the Korea government (MSIT) (NRF-2020R1F1A1070471), and System Semiconductor Development Program funded by Gyeonggi-do.

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surfaces, Coatings and Films


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