The climatology of the Red Sea - part 1: the wind

Sabique Langodan, Luigi Cavaleri, Yesubabu Vishwanadhapalli, Angela Pomaro, Luciana Bertotti, Ibrahim Hoteit

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56 Scopus citations


The wind climatology of the Red Sea is described based on a 30-year high-resolution regional reanalysis generated using the Advanced Weather Research Forecasting model. The model was reinitialized on a daily basis with ERA-Interim global data and regional observations were assimilated using a cyclic three-dimensional variational approach. The reanalysis products were validated against buoy and scatterometers data. We describe the wind climatology and identify four major systems that determine the wind patterns in the Red Sea. Each system has a well-defined origin, and consequently different characteristics along the year. After analysing the relevant features of the basin in terms of their climatology, we investigate possible long-term trends in each system. It is found that there is a definite tendency towards lowering the strength of the wind speed, but at a different rate for different systems and periods of the year.
Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)4509-4517
Number of pages9
JournalInternational Journal of Climatology
Issue number13
StatePublished - May 12 2017

Bibliographical note

KAUST Repository Item: Exported on 2020-10-01
Acknowledgements: King Abdullah University of Science and Technology (KAUST) funded this research. This research made use of the resources of the Supercomputing Laboratory and/or computer clusters at KAUST. Luigi Cavaleri has been partly supported by the KAUST during his visits for research collaborations.


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