The Bulk Heterojunction in Organic Photovoltaic, Photodetector, and Photocatalytic Applications

Andrew Wadsworth, Zeinab Hamid, Jan Kosco, Nicola Gasparini, Iain McCulloch

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

86 Scopus citations


Organic semiconductors require an energetic offset in order to photogenerate free charge carriers efficiently, owing to their inability to effectively screen charges. This is vitally important in order to achieve high power conversion efficiencies in organic solar cells. Early heterojunction-based solar cells were limited to relatively modest efficiencies (
Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2001763
JournalAdvanced Materials
StatePublished - Aug 5 2020

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