The built environment resilience qualities to climate change impact: Concepts, frameworks, and directions for future research

Mohammed M. Al-Humaiqani, Sami G. Al-Ghamdi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

53 Scopus citations


The exposure of built environment systems to climate-related disturbances increases over time. As such, the resilience of the built environment against climate change shocks and stresses has increasingly become a concern on the local, national, and global levels. Therefore, there is a need to measure the impact, build coping and adaptive capacities, and improve the functionality of the vulnerable systems. In addition, the systems must adopt the minimum resilience functioning methods and practices. Hence, this paper reviewed the most common resilience qualities (RQs), capacities, and dimensions of the built environment and their interdependencies. The research method is based on analyzing the relevant peer-reviewed journal papers published in renowned international journal papers and databases during the past two decades. The scope of the study is narrowed down by following specific guidelines to ensure a proper selection of up-to-date research articles to provide a precise understanding of the research progress on the built environment RQs. It provides an overview of the different definitions and indicators in which RQs have been applied to built environment planning, analysis, and design, emphasizing the various dimensions and relevant capacities. The study concludes that integrated resilience indicators, planning, and design methodology are crucial for incorporating RQs into the framework that influences the built environment. The built environment RQs demonstrated by this study include reflectivity (Rf), robustness (Rb), redundancy (Rd), flexibility (Fx), resourcefulness (Rs), rapidity (Rp), inclusivity (Ic), and integration (It). Nevertheless, the built environment RQs are still growing, requiring further study to develop plans and policies for effective and timely responses to climate change effects.
Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalSustainable Cities and Society
StatePublished - May 1 2022
Externally publishedYes

Bibliographical note

Generated from Scopus record by KAUST IRTS on 2023-02-14

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Civil and Structural Engineering
  • Transportation
  • Geography, Planning and Development


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