Temperature of Conductive Nanofilaments in Hexagonal Boron Nitride Based Memristors Showing Threshold Resistive Switching

Mario Lanza, Felix Palumbo, Yuanyuan Shi, Fernando Aguirre, Santiago Boyeras, Bin Yuan, Eilam Yalon, Enrique Moreno, Tianru Wu, Juan B. Roldan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

9 Scopus citations


Two-terminal metal/insulator/metal (MIM) memristors exhibiting threshold resistive switching (RS) can develop advanced key tasks in solid-state nano/micro-electronic circuits, such as selectors and integrate-and-fire electronic neurons. MIM-like memristors using multilayer hexagonal boron nitride (h-BN) as dielectric are especially interesting because they have shown threshold RS with ultra-low energy consumption per state transition down to the zeptojoule regime. However, the factors enabling stable threshold RS at such low operation energies are still not fully understood. Here it is shown that the threshold RS in 150 nm × 150 nm Au/Ag/h-BN/Au memristors is especially stable because the temperature in the h-BN stack during operation (i.e., at low currents ≈1 μA) is very low (i.e., ≈310 K), due to the high in-plane thermal conductivity of h-BN and its low thickness. Only when the device is operated at higher currents (i.e., ≈200 μA) the temperatures at the h-BN increase remarkably (i.e., >500 K), which produce a stable non-volatile conductive nanofilament (CNF). This work can bring new insights to understand the performance of 2D materials based RS devices, and help to develop the integration of 2D materials in high-density nanoelectronics.
Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2100580
JournalAdvanced Electronic Materials
StatePublished - Aug 12 2021

Bibliographical note

KAUST Repository Item: Exported on 2021-08-16
Acknowledgements: This work has been supported by the Baseline funding scheme of the King Abdullah University of Science and Technology (KAUST) in Saudi Arabia, the Ministry of Science and Technology of China (Grant No. 2018YFE0100800), the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grants No. 11661131002, 61874075), the Ministry of Finance of China (grant no. SX21400213), the 111 Project from the State Administration of Foreign Experts Affairs of China, the Collaborative Innovation Centre of Suzhou Nano Science & Technology, the Jiangsu Key Laboratory for Carbon-Based Functional Materials & Devices, and the Priority Academic Program Development of Jiangsu Higher Education Institutions, the MINCyT (Contract Nos. PICT2013/1210, PICT2016/0579, and PME2015-0196), CONICET (Project No. PIP-11220130100077CO), and UTN.BA (Project Nos. PID-UTN EIUTIBA4395TC3, CCUTIBA4764TC, MATUNBA4936, CCUTNBA5182, and CCUTNBA0006615). Y.S. acknowledge support from the European Union (Marie Sklodowska-Curie actions, Grant No. 894840).


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