Systems and control opportunities in the integration of renewable energy into the Smart Grid

E. Bitar, P. P. Khargonekar, K. Poolla

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

36 Scopus citations


The Smart Grid is among the most important and ambitious endeavors of our time. Deep integration of renewable energy sources is one component of the Smart Grid vision. A fundamental difficulty here is that renewable energy sources are highly variable - they are not dispatchable, are intermittent, and uncertain. The electricity grid must absorb this variability through a portfolio of solutions. These include aggregation of variable generation, curtailment, operating reserves, storage technologies, local generation, and distributed demand response. The various elements in this portfolio must be dynamically coordinated based on available information within the framework of electricity grid operations. This, in turn, will require critical technologies and methods drawn from optimization, modeling, and control, which are the core competencies of Systems and Control. This paper catalogues some of these systems and control research opportunities that arise in the deep integration of renewable energy sources.
Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationIFAC Proceedings Volumes
PublisherElsevier BV
Number of pages6
ISBN (Print)9783902661937
StatePublished - Apr 25 2016
Externally publishedYes

Bibliographical note

KAUST Repository Item: Exported on 2022-07-01
Acknowledged KAUST grant number(s): 025478
Acknowledgements: Supported in part by OOF991-KAUST US LIMITED under award number 025478, the UC Discovery Grant ele07-10283 under the IMPACT program, and NSF under Grant EECS-0925337, and the Florida Energy Systems Consortium.
This publication acknowledges KAUST support, but has no KAUST affiliated authors.


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