ZnO coupled Bi-doped porous LaFeO3 nanocomposites have successfully been fabricated via a wet-chemical method. It is confirmed that Bi3+ enters into the crystal lattice of PLFO and substitute La3+, while the ZnO with diameter of ∼15 nm is coupled to the Bi-doped PLFO. It is shown that the amount-optimized 5Zn/7Bi-PLFO nanocomposite exhibits greatly improved visible-light activities for 2,4-dichlorophenol (2,4-DCP) degradation and CO2 conversion, compared to the unmodified PLFO with rather high photoactivity due to its large specific surface area. Based on the measurements of valence band XPS spectra, steady-state surface photovoltage spectra, transient-state surface photovoltage responses, photoelectrochemical I–V curves, fluorescence spectra related to produced [rad]OH amount and photocurrent action spectra, it is clearly demonstrated that the significantly improved visible-light activities are attributed to the enhanced utilization of visible-light-excited high-level-energy electrons (HLEEs) by coupling with nanocrystalline ZnO to introduce a new energy platform for accepting electrons and to the extended visible-light absorption by doping Bi3+ to create surface states. Interestingly, it is proved that under UV–vis irradiation, the amount-optimized nanocomposite exhibit much higher photoactivity for 2,4-DCP degradation compared to the commercially available P25 TiO2. Moreover, it is confirmed by means of radical trapping experiments that the dominant radicals to decompose 2,4-DCP on PLFO could be modulated by doping Bi3+ and coupling ZnO. Furthermore, the possible decomposition pathways, respectively related to the [rad]OH and O2[rad]−, of 2,4-DCP over the amount-optimized Bi-doped PLFO and ZnO coupled Bi-doped PLFO samples are proposed by means of the liquid chromatography tandem mass spectrometry analysis of the intermediates, especially with the used isotopic D2O.
Bibliographical noteGenerated from Scopus record by KAUST IRTS on 2023-09-21
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Environmental Science(all)
- Process Chemistry and Technology