Synthesis of novel pyrazolone candidates with studying some biological activities and in-silico studies

Magda H. Abdellattif*, Eman O. Hamed, Nourhan Kh R. Elhoseni, Mohamed G. Assy, Abdul Hamid M. Emwas, Mariusz Jaremko*, Ismail Celik, Abderrahim Titi, Krishna Kumar Yadav, Marwa S. Elgendy, Wesam S. Shehab*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

Pyranopyrazole derivatives have a vital role in the class of organic compounds because of their broad spectrum of biological and pharmacological importance. Our current goal is the [3 + 3] cycloaddition of benzoyl isothiocyanate and pyrazolone 1 to undergo oxidation cyclization, producing pyrazoloxadiazine 3. The diol 5 was obtained as a condensation of two equivalents of 1 with thiophene-2-carboxaldehyde in acetic acid above the sodium acetate mixture. When the condensation was carried out in piperidine under fusion, unsaturated ketone 4 was obtained. The pyrazolo pyran derivative 11 resulted from the [3 + 3] cycloaddition of 1 and cinnamic acid, while the Pyrone derivative was prepared by acylation of 12 with two equivalents of acetic anhydride. Phthalic anhydride undergoes arylation using zinc chloride as a catalyst. The cyclic keto acid 23 was synthesized by the action of succinic anhydride on 12 in the acetic medium, while the latter reacted with cinnamic acid, leading to pyrazole derivative 24. All of these reactions were through the Michael reaction mechanism. All the tested compounds showed good antimicrobial activity against pathogenic microorganisms; newly synthesized compounds were also screened for their antioxidant activity. Rational studies were carried out by the ABTs method to allow a broader choice of activities. In addition, similar off-compounds were conducted. Molecular docking studies with the CB-Dock server and MD simulations were created with the default settings of the Solution Builder on the CHARMM-GUI server at 150 nm. A good correlation was obtained between the experimental results and the theoretical bioavailability predictions using POM theory.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number19170
JournalScientific Reports
Volume13
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 2023

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© 2023, The Author(s).

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