Synthesis of nickel and cobalt oxide nanoparticles by pulsed underwater spark discharges

Thomas Merciris, Flavien Valensi, Ahmad Hamdan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

24 Scopus citations

Abstract

Electrical discharges in liquids are considered an efficient and ecological technique of nanoparticle synthesis via controlled erosion of electrodes. Herein, we use spark discharges between Co–Co, Ni–Ni, Co–Ni, or Ni–Co electrodes immersed in distilled water to synthesize Co and/or Ni nanoparticles, as well as their oxides. When mixed electrodes are used (Co–Ni or Ni–Co), both Co and Ni nanoparticles are produced, and the major species is dictated by the nature of the anode pin. The characteristics of nanoparticles synthesized under varying conditions of pulse width (100 and 500 ns) and voltage amplitude (5 and 20 kV) are analyzed by transmission electron microscopy. Within the investigated discharge conditions, it is not possible to produce Co–Ni nanoalloys; however, core–shell nanoparticles are observed among the Ni and Co nanoparticles. Finally, the direct optical bandgaps of the nanomaterials are determined using UV-visible absorption spectroscopy.
Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)063303
JournalJournal of Applied Physics
Volume129
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 10 2021
Externally publishedYes

Bibliographical note

KAUST Repository Item: Exported on 2021-11-21
Acknowledged KAUST grant number(s): OSR-2020-CPF-1975.37
Acknowledgements: This publication is based on work supported by the King Abdullah University of Science and Technology (KAUST) Office of Sponsored Research (OSR) under Award No. OSR-2020-CPF-1975.37. The authors thank the Fonds de Recherche du Québec–Nature et Technologie (FRQ-NT) and the Canada Foundation for Innovation (CFI) for funding the research infrastructure.
This publication acknowledges KAUST support, but has no KAUST affiliated authors.

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Physics and Astronomy

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