Synthesis of a Bis(thiophenolate)pyridine Ligand and Its Titanium, Zirconium, and Tantalum Complexes

Taylor N. Lenton, David G. VanderVelde, John E. Bercaw

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12 Scopus citations


A precursor to a new tridentate LX 2 type ligand, bis(thiophenol)pyridine ((SNS)H 2 = (2-C 6H 4SH) 2-2,6-C 5H 3N), was prepared. Bis(thiophenolate)pyridine complexes of Ti, Zr, and Ta having dialkylamido coligands were synthesized and structurally characterized. The zirconium complex (SNS)Zr(NMe 2) 2 (4) displays C 2 symmetry in the solid state, unlike a related bis(phenolate)pyridine compound, C s-symmetric (ONO)Ti(NMe 2) 2. This change is likely the result of strain about the sulfur atom in the six-membered chelate with longer metal-sulfur and carbon-sulfur bonds. Solid-state structures of tantalum complexes (SNS)Ta(NMe 2) 3 (5) and (SNS)TaCl(NEt 2) 2 (6) also display pronounced C 2 twisting of the SNS ligand. 1D and 2D NMR experiments show that 5 is fluxional, with rotation about the Ta-N(amide) bonds occurring on the NMR time scale that interchange the equatorial amide methyl groups (ΔG ‡ 393 = 25.0(3) kcal/mol). The fluxional behavior of 6 in solution was also studied by variable-temperature 1H NMR. Observation of separate signals for the diastereotopic protons of the methylene unit of the diethylamide indicates that the complex remains locked on the NMR time scale in one diastereomeric conformation at temperatures below -50 °C, fast rotation about the equatorial amide Ta-N bonds occurs at higher temperature (ΔG ‡ 393 = 13.4(3) kcal/mol), and exchange of diastereomeric methylene protons occurs via inversion at Ta that interconverts antipodes (ΔG ‡ 393 ≈ 14(1) kcal/mol). © 2012 American Chemical Society.
Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)7492-7499
Number of pages8
Issue number21
StatePublished - Oct 18 2012
Externally publishedYes

Bibliographical note

KAUST Repository Item: Exported on 2020-10-01
Acknowledgements: This work was supported by a KAUST Center-In-Development Grant to King Fahd University of Petroleum and Minerals (Dhahran, Saudi Arabia) and the USDOE Office of Basic Energy Sciences (Grant No. DE-FG03-85ER13431). We thank Ian A. Tonks and Matthew S. Winston for helpful discussions related to the research present in this paper. We also thank Lawrence M. Henling and Michael W. Day of Caltech for solving crystal structures. The Bruker KAPPA APEXII X-ray diffractometer was purchased via an NSF CRIF:MU award to the California Institute of Technology (CHE-0639094).
This publication acknowledges KAUST support, but has no KAUST affiliated authors.


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