Synthesis of γ-Valerolactone from Levulinic Acid and Formic Acid over Mg-Al Hydrotalcite Like Compound

S. K. Hussain, Vijay Kumar Velisoju, N. Pethan Rajan, Balla Putra Kumar, Komandur V.R. Chary

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

19 Scopus citations


Catalytic transformation of levulinic acid (LA) with in situ hydrogen transfer from formic acid (FA) into γ-valerolactone (GVL) was investigated over calcined Mg-Al hydrotalcite catalysts under atmospheric N2 pressure. Several catalysts containing different Mg/Al mole ratio in between 1:4 to 7:1 were synthesized by co-precipitation method. The catalytic performances of calcined Mg/Al hydrotalcite during LA hydrogenation were found to be much higher than pure magnesia (MgO) and physical mixture samples of MgO-Al2O3. Pure MgO exhibited higher activity in the initial hours but a gradual deactivation was noticed during the course of reaction time. Under the optimised reaction conditions, the calcined Mg/Al hydrotalcite catalyst with Mg/Al ratio of 3:1 exhibited superior performance with high GVL selectivity of 98% and total conversion of LA till 10 h of reaction time. The synthesised catalysts were characterized by various spectroscopic and adsorption techniques. The catalytic activity results during hydrogenation are well supported by means of the findings of characterization of the catalysts.
Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)6186-6194
Number of pages9
Issue number22
StatePublished - Jun 15 2018
Externally publishedYes

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Generated from Scopus record by KAUST IRTS on 2023-10-23


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