Surface Design in Solid-State Dye Sensitized Solar Cells: Effects of Zwitterionic Co-adsorbents on Photovoltaic Performance

Mingkui Wang, Carole Grätzel, Soo-Jin Moon, Robin Humphry-Baker, Nathalie Rossier-Iten, Shaik M. Zakeeruddin, Michael Grätzel

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

133 Scopus citations


In solid-state dye sensitized solar cells (SSDSCs) charge recombination at the dye-hole transporting material interface plays a critical role in the cell efficiency. For the first time we report on the influence of dipolar coadsorbents on the photovoltaic performance of sensitized hetero-junction solar cells. In the present study, we investigated the effect of two zwitterionic butyric acid derivatives differing only in the polar moiety attached to their common 4 carbon-chain acid, i.e., 4-guanidinobutyric acid (GBA) and 4-aminobutyric acid (ABA). These two molecules were implemented as coadsorbents in conjunction with Z907Na dye on the SSDSC. It was found that a Z907Na/GBA dye/co-adsorbent combination increases both the open circuit voltage (V oc) and short-circuit current density ( Jsc) as compared to using Z907Na dye alone. The Z907Na/ABA dye/co-adsorbent combination increases the Jsc. Impedance and transient photovoltage investigations elucidate the cause of these remarkable observations. ©2009 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim.
Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2163-2172
Number of pages10
JournalAdvanced Functional Materials
Issue number13
StatePublished - Jul 10 2009
Externally publishedYes

Bibliographical note

KAUST Repository Item: Exported on 2020-10-01
Acknowledged KAUST grant number(s): KUS-C1-018-02
Acknowledgements: This publication is based on work supported by Award No. KUS-C1-018-02, made by King Abdullah University of Science and Technology (KAUST). The financial support from the United States Air Force and the Swiss National Science Foundation is also gratefully acknowledged. We are thankful to Dr. Henry Snaith, Dr. Peter Chen and Duleepa Pitigala for fruitful discussions and grateful to P. Comte for film preparations. Supporting Information is available online from Wiley InterScience or from the author.
This publication acknowledges KAUST support, but has no KAUST affiliated authors.


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