Surface-Anchored Poly(4-vinylpyridine)–Single-Walled Carbon Nanotube–Metal Composites for Gas Detection

Bora Yoon, Sophie F. Liu, Timothy M. Swager

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

49 Scopus citations


A platform for chemiresistive gas detectors based upon single-walled carbon nanotube (SWCNT) dispersions stabilized by poly(4-vinylpyridine) (P4VP) covalently immobilized onto a glass substrate was developed. To fabricate these devices, a glass substrate with gold electrodes is treated with 3-bromopropyltrichlorosilane. The resulting alkyl bromide coating presents groups that can react with the P4VP to covalently bond (anchor) the polymer–SWCNT composite to the substrate. Residual pyridyl groups in P4VP not consumed in this quaternization reaction are available to coordinate metal nanoparticles or ions chosen to confer selectivity and sensitivity to target gas analytes. Generation of P4VP coordinated to silver nanoparticles produces an enhanced response to ammonia gas. The incorporation of soft Lewis acidic Pd2+ cations by binding PdCl2 to P4VP yields a selective and highly sensitive device that changes resistance upon exposure to vapors of thioethers. The latter materials have utility for odorized fuel leak detection, microbial activity, and breath diagnostics. A third demonstration makes use of permanganate incorporation to produce devices with large responses to vapors of volatile organic compounds that are susceptible to oxidation.
Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)5916-5924
Number of pages9
JournalChemistry of Materials
Issue number16
StatePublished - Aug 5 2016
Externally publishedYes

Bibliographical note

KAUST Repository Item: Exported on 2020-10-01
Acknowledgements: This work was supported by the National Science Foundation (DMR-1410718) and the King Abdullah University of Science and Technology. B.Y. acknowledges support from the National Research Foundation of Korea (2013R1A6A3A03023493). S.F.L. acknowledges support from the National Science Foundation Graduate Research Fellowship under Grant 1122374. The authors thank Dr. Maggie He [Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT)] for XPS measurements. B.Y. thanks Dr. Seung Goo Lee (MIT) for helpful discussions about organosilanization methods.
This publication acknowledges KAUST support, but has no KAUST affiliated authors.


Dive into the research topics of 'Surface-Anchored Poly(4-vinylpyridine)–Single-Walled Carbon Nanotube–Metal Composites for Gas Detection'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this