Supersensitive, Fast-Response Nanowire Sensors by Using Schottky Contacts

Youfan Hu, Jun Zhou, Ping-Hung Yeh, Zhou Li, Te-Yu Wei, Zhong Lin Wang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

301 Scopus citations


A Schottky barrier can be formed at the interface between a metal electrode and a semiconductor. The current passing through the metal-semiconductor contact is mainly controlled by the barrier height and barrier width. In conventional nanodevices, Schottky contacts are usually avoided in order to enhance the contribution made by the nanowires or nanotubes to the detected signal. We present a key idea of using the Schottky contact to achieve supersensitive and fast response nanowire-based nanosensors. We have illustrated this idea on several platforms: UV sensors, biosensors, and gas sensors. The gigantic enhancement in sensitivity of up to 5 orders of magnitude shows that an effective usage of the Schottky contact can be very beneficial to the sensitivity of nanosensors. © 2010 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim.
Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)3327-3332
Number of pages6
JournalAdvanced Materials
Issue number30
StatePublished - May 31 2010
Externally publishedYes

Bibliographical note

KAUST Repository Item: Exported on 2020-10-01
Acknowledgements: This research was supported by the National Science Foundation (NSF) (DMS 0706436, CMMI 0403671, ENG/CMMI 112024), DARPA (Army/AMCOM/REDSTONE AR, W31P4Q-08-1-0009), BES DOE (DE-FG02-07ER46394), Air Force Office (FA9550-08-1-0446), DARPA/ARO W911NF-08-1-0249, KAUST Global Research Partnership, and the World Premier International Research Center (WPI) Initiative on Materials Nanoarchitectonics, MEXT, Japan.
This publication acknowledges KAUST support, but has no KAUST affiliated authors.


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