Supercritical carbon dioxide extraction of oils from Andean lupin beans: Lab-scale performance, process scale-up, and economic evaluation

Miao Yu, Kai Kniepkamp, Jan Pieter Thie, Geert Jan Witkamp, Rob J. F. van Haren

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Oil extraction from Andean lupin beans (Lupinus mutabilis SWEET) via supercritical carbon dioxide (scCO2) was studied on both lab scale and pilot scale. On the lab scale, the effect of pressure, solvent-to-feed ratio (S/F), sample particle size and temperature on oil yield were evaluated. The oil quality (fatty acid [FA] composition and tocopherol content) were investigated. Five-hour scCO2 extraction yielded about 86% oil of Soxhlet extraction (using hexane as solvent). The fraction of unsaturated FA rose with extraction pressure at specific time. High tocopherol contents were detected in oils extracted at low pressure. An increase in temperature was unfavorable to oil and tocopherol yield, thereby confirming the validity for preserving oil extract quality under a mild scCO2 extraction condition. Oil quality and yield did not have identical optimum settings, opening up possibilities for producing different qualities of oils. Pilot-scale extraction offered comparable oil yield to lab-scale extraction at similar S/F ratio. Economic evaluation showed that it is promising to implement industrial scale scCO2 process for lupin oil extraction. It was predicted that, at a specific industrial scale of extraction (2 × 1000 L, 550 bar, 40°C and S/F of 24), the manufacturing cost of oils got close to actual commercial production cost. Practical Application: This study applied an environment-friendly high-pressure extraction method, supercritical carbon dioxide (scCO2) extraction, to separate oils from Andean lupin beans (Lupinus mutabilis SWEET). ScCO2 extraction can serve as an alternative oil extraction method to conventional ones that use fossil-derived organic solvents as the extractant. Up-scaled scCO2 processing was estimated to be economically viable for commercial lupin oil production.
Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalJournal of Food Process Engineering
StatePublished - Feb 13 2023

Bibliographical note

KAUST Repository Item: Exported on 2023-03-01
Acknowledgements: This work was performed within the framework of project LIBBIO “” supported by the Bio-Based Industries Joint Undertaking under the European Union's Horizon 2020 research and innovation program under grant agreement NO. 720726. This research is also made possible by the “Industry 2030” project funded by the European Regional Development Fund (ERDF, OPSNN0261) from the European Union and the Province Groningen, the Netherlands. Lupinus mutabilis for Increased Biomass from marginal lands and value for BIOrefineries

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Food Science
  • Chemical Engineering(all)


Dive into the research topics of 'Supercritical carbon dioxide extraction of oils from Andean lupin beans: Lab-scale performance, process scale-up, and economic evaluation'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this