Study of spray structure under flash boiling conditions using 2phase-SLIPI

Jianguo Du, Balaji Mohan, Jaeheon Sim, Tiegang Fang, William L. Roberts

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

7 Scopus citations


In gasoline engines, including conventional gasoline direct injection (GDI) engines and newly developed gasoline compression ignition (GCI) engines, fash boiling of the spray occurs during throttling or low load operations. Superheated fuel that is injected into the cylinder, where the gas pressure is lower than the fuel’s saturation vapor pressure, experiences a fast phase change. Plume interaction and spray collapse can occur as a consequence of fash boiling. The structure of fashing spray has not been well elucidated experimentally because of strong multiple-scattering efects in conventional laser sheet imaging due to illumination of out-of-laser-plane droplets. Here, the structured laser illumination planar imaging (SLIPI) is implemented for the frst time to study fash boiling sprays. Both front-view and side-view cross-sections are examined to reveal spray behaviors during collapsing events. A comparison of the reconstructed 3D spray volume by SLIPI and conventional laser sheet imaging clearly shows the advantage of SLIPI in resolving the inner structure of the collapsed spray. The near-nozzle region on the injector axis is found to be hollow, indicating that spray collapsing occurs a bit downstream of the nozzle instead of immediately at the nozzle. This observation could not be obtained by conventional laser sheet imaging nor by difused back illumination (DBI) techniques. In this work, the central tip observed in the 2D DBI image at Rp = 0.1 case has been proven to be not a ’central jet on injector axis’ formed due to radial collapse, but a longer projection on the image caused by stronger adjacent plume circumferential interactions.
Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalExperiments in Fluids
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 10 2021

Bibliographical note

KAUST Repository Item: Exported on 2021-02-25
Acknowledgements: This paper is based on work supported by Saudi Aramco Research and Development Center FUELCOM program under Master Research Agreement Number 6600024505/01. FUELCOM (Fuel Combustion for Advanced Engines) is a collaborative research undertaking between Saudi Aramco and KAUST intended to address the fundamental aspects of hydrocarbon fuel combustion in engines and to develop fuel/engine design tools suitable for advanced combustion modes.


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