Study of LoX/H2 spray flame response to acoustic excitation in a rectangular rocket combustor

Justin S. Hardi, Michael Oschwald, Bassam B. Dally

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

1 Scopus citations


This work is focused on understanding how intrinsic processes may be involved in driving high frequency combustion instabilities. The response of an experimental rocket combustor to both unperturbed and acoustically excited conditions at four different operating points was studied. The combustor has a rectangular cross-section with acoustic forcing, five shear coaxial injection elements running cryogenic oxygen-hydrogen (LOx/H2), and optical access. The operating points comprise two different chamber pressures and two different hydrogen injection temperatures. The chamber pressures of 40 and 60 bar allow the influence of sub-and supercritical LOx, respectively, to be studied. The H2 injection temperatures of ~290 K and ~50 K were selected since low H2 temperature has long been thought to influence the stability of LOx/H2 engines. Combustor response was compared between the four operating points under both undisturbed conditions, and forced resonance of the 1L and 1T modes. The measures used to compare combustor response were acoustic spectra, modal acoustic energy distribution, LOx jet atomization behavior, flame displacement, and chemiluminescent emission intensity. None of the parameters compared revealed a significant difference in response between the four operating points. There were two exceptions of interest. The first was in the distribution of unperturbed acoustic energy to the 1L and 1T modes. The content of both modes was lower at 60 bar, regardless of H2 temperature, except the 1T mode was more energetic at 60 bar when using low temperature H2. The second was the greater decrease in intact LOx core length under 1T-mode excitation with low temperature H2. Both of these observations may be related to the historic tendency for transverse mode instability with decreasing H2 temperature.
Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publication49th AIAA/ASME/SAE/ASEE Joint Propulsion Conference
PublisherAmerican Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics [email protected]
ISBN (Print)9781624102226
StatePublished - Jan 1 2013
Externally publishedYes

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Generated from Scopus record by KAUST IRTS on 2022-09-12


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