Ba0.5Sr0.5Co1-xFex O 3-δ (0.2<x<0.8) powders were synthesized using a wet chemical procedure starting from nitrates as precursors and citric acid and ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid as complexing agents. The structural properties and the electrochemical behavior of the materials were investigated as a function of temperature (T), atmosphere (air, oxygen, and hydrogen), and Fe content (x) using simultaneous thermogravimetric and differential thermal analysis, X-ray diffraction analysis, and electrochemical impedance spectroscopy measurements. Significant differences were observed in the crystalline structure of the Ba0.5Sr0.5Co1-xFex O3-δ samples when they were fired in different atmospheres (inert and air; oxidizing and reducing). The formation of a cubic-type single phase in the 0.2 and 0.8 Fe content (x) range was confirmed under oxidizing conditions. The unit cell volume increased with decreasing (x) and in more oxidizing atmospheres. Further structural transformation with the collapse of the cubic structure was observed with increasing Fe content (x) under reducing conditions. The cubic-type Ba0.5Sr0.5Co 1-xFex O3-δ solid solutions were tested as electrodes on Ce0.8Sm0.2 O2-x pellets in symmetrical cells. The lowest obtained values of area specific resistance were 0.56 for Ba0.5 Sr0.5 Co0.2 Fe0.8 O3-δ in air and 0.25 cm2 for Ba0.5Sr0.5Co1-xFex O 3-δ in oxygen atmosphere at 1073 K.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
- Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
- Condensed Matter Physics
- Surfaces, Coatings and Films
- Materials Chemistry