Curved folded surfaces, given their ability to produce elegant freeform shapes by folding flat sheets etched with curved creases, hold a special place in computational Origami. Artists and designers have proposed a wide variety of different fold patterns to create a range of interesting surfaces. The creative process, design, as well as fabrication is usually only concerned with the static surface that emerges once folding has completed. Folding such patterns, however, is difficult asmultiple creases have to be folded simultaneously to obtain a properly folded target shape. We introduce string actuated curved folded surfaces that can be shaped by pulling a network of strings, thus, vastly simplifying the process of creating such surfaces and making the folding motion an integral part of the design. Technically, we solve the problem of which surface points to string together and how to actuate them by locally expressing a desired folding path in the space of isometric shape deformations in terms of novel string actuation modes. We demonstrate the validity of our approach by computing string actuation networks for a range of well-known crease patterns and testing their effectiveness on physical prototypes. All the examples in this article can be downloaded for personal use from http://geometry.cs.ucl.ac.uk/projects/2017/string-actuated/.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
Martin Kilian was supported by the Erwin Schrödinger fellowship J-3678-N25 awarded by the Austrian Science Fund (FWF), ERC StG-2013-335373, and the DFG-Collaborative Research Center, TRR 109, "Discretization in Geometry and Dynamics" through grant I-706-N26 of FWF. Aron Monszpart was supported by a Google PhD Fellowship, the ERC Starting Grant SmartGeometry (StG-2013-335373), and Adobe Research.
© 2017 ACM.
- Computational design
- Computational origami
- Curved folding
- Folding motion
- String actuation
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Computer Graphics and Computer-Aided Design