Status and prospects of MXene-based nanoelectronic devices

Xiangming Xu, Tianchao Guo, Mario Lanza, Husam N. Alshareef*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

13 Scopus citations


MXenes, two-dimensional (2D) transition metal carbides and nitrides, are being increasingly explored for electronics. In contrast to other 2D materials experiencing profound exploration in nanoelectronics, research pertaining to MXene-based nanoscale electronic devices is in its early stage of development. However, the large compositional variety and tunable surface groups of MXenes provide a great platform to design novel integrated devices at the micro- and nanoscale. We believe that MXene-based nanoelectronics, as an emerging sub-branch of 2D electronics, is on the cusp of important discoveries and transformative developments in the field of solid-state physics and emerging devices. Herein, we review the current development in the field of nanoscale MXetronics, including the whole process flow from MXene synthesis, property tuning, thin-film preparation, microscale or nanoscale patterning, and on-chip device fabrication. Approaches to optimize every step of the MXene device fabrication protocols are discussed. We further identify key research directions essential for the successful future development of MXetronics.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)800-837
Number of pages38
Issue number3
StatePublished - Mar 1 2023

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
We thank Dr. Jehad K. El-Demellawi for several useful discussions and suggestions. Research reported in this publication was funded by King Abdullah University of Science and Technology (KAUST).

Publisher Copyright:
© 2023


  • 2D materials
  • electronics
  • integration
  • MXenes
  • nanofabrication

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Materials Science


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