MXenes, two-dimensional (2D) transition metal carbides and nitrides, are being increasingly explored for electronics. In contrast to other 2D materials experiencing profound exploration in nanoelectronics, research pertaining to MXene-based nanoscale electronic devices is in its early stage of development. However, the large compositional variety and tunable surface groups of MXenes provide a great platform to design novel integrated devices at the micro- and nanoscale. We believe that MXene-based nanoelectronics, as an emerging sub-branch of 2D electronics, is on the cusp of important discoveries and transformative developments in the field of solid-state physics and emerging devices. Herein, we review the current development in the field of nanoscale MXetronics, including the whole process flow from MXene synthesis, property tuning, thin-film preparation, microscale or nanoscale patterning, and on-chip device fabrication. Approaches to optimize every step of the MXene device fabrication protocols are discussed. We further identify key research directions essential for the successful future development of MXetronics.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
We thank Dr. Jehad K. El-Demellawi for several useful discussions and suggestions. Research reported in this publication was funded by King Abdullah University of Science and Technology (KAUST).
- 2D materials
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- General Materials Science